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The placement of dental implants is an excellent option to have long-lasting teeth that are in good health. We invite you to clarify some doubts about them.

1) Which professional should place dental implants?

They must be dentists specialized in oral surgery, since they know how to work the bone and what position is most favorable to place the implant.

A professional without training in dental prosthetics can place the implant at the wrong angle and this can affect the placement of the prosthesis. The results obtained will largely depend on the experience and professionalism of the specialist.

2) What is a dental implant?

A dental implant is made up of a small titanium screw (the material most used in dental implants) that is inserted into the jawbone or maxilla. Its objective is to function as artificial roots in the absence of a tooth. This process allows stable and safe teeth. After the implant a crown is placed.

3) Types of dental implants

The most common are:

  • conical implant
  • cylindrical implant

The type of implant to place depends on each patient and their needs. Factors such as the type of material and the price of dental implants must be evaluated. The titanium ones come in grades, with 1 being pure titanium and with greater resistance to corrosion and 4 being titanium alloys. That way, its price is commensurate with the grade.

4) What advantages do the different types of dental implants have?

  • They preserve the bone and reduce its deterioration
  • Reduce the load on dental structures
  • Full denture restoration

In addition, other benefits such as:

Aesthetics: They give a more natural appearance.
Comfort: They are more comfortable than dentures.
Duration: They can last more than 20 years with proper maintenance

5) How is the process of placing dental implants?

1st stage – Dental implant surgery: The specialist will insert the titanium implant into the jaw bone or upper jaw.
2nd stage – Implant restoration: The implant takes between 3 and 6 months in the osseointegration process, fixing itself in the bone. When it is completely firm, the crown is placed, which is the prosthesis that covers the tooth.

The complexity of implant placement will depend on factors such as the number of implants to be placed or the shape of the bone where the implant is to be placed. The specialist will previously study the patient's situation and will choose the best type of dental implants and the best technique for their placement.

There are several placement techniques, all with local anesthesia and in a short period of time. The best known are:

Surgical: An incision is made in the gum and it is lifted to access the bone, once there, the implant is placed in the bed that has been previously carved. Finally, the gum is sutured and the stitches are removed in approximately 10 days.

Immediate post-extraction dental implantology: It consists of extracting the tooth and placing the implant in the same session. It is not applicable in all patients.

6) What care must be taken into account after the placement of the dental implant?

It is normal that in the first hours after surgery there is bleeding and swelling in the area (approximately 2 days). If the bleeding lasts longer, it is reasonable to go to the dentist. Analgesics and anti-inflammatories are prescribed.

Some other recommendations are:

  • Do not use mouth rinses after implant placement, to avoid falling stitches and abundant bleeding.
  • It is best not to brush the day of surgery, then brush gently, especially in the area of the implant.
  • You should not eat or drink for 3 hours after surgery. Hence, manage a soft diet and drink plenty of fluids. You should also not smoke.
  • Do not perform activities that involve physical effort for at least 2 days.
  • Make controls to review the status of the implant (maximum every 6 months).
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